Floating-Point Support

TF-M adds several configuration flags to control Floating point (FP) 1 support in TF-M Secure Processing Environment (SPE) and Non Secure Processing Environment (NSPE).

  • Support FP in SPE or NSPE.

  • Support FP Application Binary Interface (ABI) 2 types: software, hardware. SPE and NSPE shall use the same FP ABI type.

  • Support lazy stacking enable/disable in SPE only, NSPE is not allowed to enable/disable this feature.

  • Support GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 3. GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 10.3- 2021.10 and later version shall be used to mitigate VLLDM instruction security vulnerability 4.

  • Support Inter-Process Communication (IPC) 5 model in TF-M, and doesn’t support SFN model.

  • Support Armv8-M mainline.

  • Support isolation level 1,2,3.

  • Does not support use FPU in First-Level Interrupt Handling (FLIH) 6 at current stage.

Please refer to Arm musca S1 7 platform as a reference implementation when you enable FP support on your platforms.


Alternatively, if you intend to use FP in your own NSPE application but the TF-M SPE services that you enable do not require FP, you can set the CMake configuration CONFIG_TFM_ENABLE_CP10CP11 to ON and ignore any configurations described below.


GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 10.3-2021.10 may have issue that reports '-mcpu=cortex-m55' conflicts with '-march=armv8.1-m.main' warning 8. This issue has been fixed in the later version.

FP ABI type for SPE and NSPE

FP design in Armv8.0-M 9 architecture requires consistent FP ABI types between SPE and NSPE. Furthermore, both sides shall set up CPACR individually when FPU is used. Otherwise, No Coprocessor (NOCP) usage fault will be asserted during FP context switch between security states.

Secure and non-secure libraries are compiled with COMPILER_CP_FLAG and linked with LINKER_CP_OPTION for different FP ABI types. All those libraries shall be built with COMPLIER_CP_FLAG.

If FP ABI types mismatch error is generated during build, pleae check whether the library is compiled with COMPILER_CP_FLAG. Example:


CMake configurations for FP support

The following CMake configurations configure COMPILER_CP_FLAG in TF-M SPE.

  • CONFIG_TFM_ENABLE_FP is used to enable/disable FPU usage.


    FP support

    off (default)

    FP diasabled


    FP enabled




If you build TF-M SPE with CONFIG_TFM_ENABLE_FP=on and provide your own NSPE application, your own NSPE must take care of enabling floating point coprocessors CP10 and CP11 on the NS side to avoid aforementioned NOCP usage fault.

  • CONFIG_TFM_LAZY_STACKING is used to enable/disable lazy stacking feature. This feature is only valid for FP hardware ABI type. NSPE is not allowed to enable/disable this feature. Let SPE decide the secure/non-secure shared setting of lazy stacking to avoid the possible side-path brought by flexibility.




    Disable lazy stacking

    ON (default)

    Enable lazy stacking

  • CONFIG_TFM_FP_ARCH specifies which FP architecture is available on the target, valid for FP hardware ABI type.

    FP architecture is processor dependent. For GNUARM compiler, example value are: auto, fpv5-d16, fpv5-sp-d16, etc.

    Default value of CONFIG_TFM_FP_ARCH for GNUARM compiler is fpv5-sp-d16.

    This parameter shall be specified by platform. Please check compiler reference manual and processor hardware manual for more details to set correct FPU configuration for platform.